Former Schmidt’s Brewery: Girard Avenue and North 2nd Street, Philadelphia

This former Schmidt’s brewery site is bounded by Girard Avenue to the north, Hancock Street to the northeast, Wildey Street to the southeast, Germantown Avenue to the southwest, and North 2nd Street to the west in the Northern Liberties neighborhood of Philadelphia. The former Schmidt’s Brewery is situated on 9.4 acres consisting of approximately 170 formerly individual tax lots. The Site is located within the City of Philadelphia’s American Street Enterprise Zone as designated by the Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development.
The subject site was designated as a Special Industrial Area and was entered into the PADEP Voluntary Cleanup Program. The redevelopment effort intends to change the former industrial land use, to a mix of commercial and residential. REPSG implemented a Baseline Environmental Investigation which documented areas of environmental concern.

On behalf of the local residents, The City of Philadelphia requested the development and implementation of a Public Involvement Plan (PIP). REPSG acted as the lead environmental consultant to provide public information and conduct public involvement meetings in accordance with the PIP.

REPSG directly performed environmental remediation of soil and removal of structures and developed required project plans, such as Health and Safety Plan, Materials Management Plan, and a Contaminant Reduction Plan. REPSG prepared the Combined Baseline Report and Final Report demonstrating attainment of a Statewide Health Standard for submission to the PADEP.

The report was submitted to the PADEP in March 2006.

Current Status

The Site is currently in the PADEP Voluntary Cleanup Program. A Combined Baseline Report and Final Report demonstrating attainment of a Statewide Health Standard has been submitted by REPSG to the PADEP in March 2006. The site is currently undergoing redevelopment with mixed-use commercial and residential development that includes an 18-story condominium and commercial store complex.

Sharswood Townhomes: North 22nd Street and Sharswood Streets, Philadelphia

The Sharswood II redevelopment site consists of approximately 70 former individual tax lots located at the 2100-North block of Harlan, Sharswood, Stewart, West Jefferson, Nassau, and Bolton Streets in the Sharswood neighborhood of North Philadelphia.
REPSG performed initial Phase I ESA activities at the Site in September 2003, identifying several areas requiring further investigation, including the presence of asbestos-containing materials (ACMs) in many of the former structures. REPSG oversaw remediation of the ACMs, and completed a Phase II ESA at the site in December 2004 investigating several areas of suspected soil contamination. Additional activities at the site included an investigation of the possible presence of underground storage tanks at the site (none were found).

Utilizing the results of the Phase II soil investigation, REPSG used fate and transport analysis as well as statistical risk-analysis techniques to characterize environmental risk at the site as presented by levels of contamination identified in site soils. An exposure assessment developed from these investigations was presented as part of the Combined Report. REPSG identified that current site conditions could be made protective by the application of institutional controls, including the use of deed restrictions, and engineering controls such as impermeable caps and the emplacement of layers of clean fill in unpaved portions of the development.

Current Status

The Site is currently in the PADEP Voluntary Cleanup Program. A Combined Remedial Investigation Report and Cleanup Plan for remediation of the site in accordance with the site-specific standard provisions of Pennsylvania Act 2 was submitted for review by REPSG to the PADEP. The Combined Report was approved by the PADEP in September, 2005. The site is currently under-going remediation and redevelopment. Upon completion of site work a Final Report documenting attainment of the site-specific standard will be submitted.

Masada Custom Builders: 1500 South Front Street, Philadelphia

The Site is located at 1500 South Front Street at the southwest corner of S. Front Street and Dickinson Street. The site had been developed for various commercial uses, including a lumber yard, during the 20th century, but by the 1980s had become vacant and unused.
Investigations at the site in March 2004 had identified exceedences of the PADEP health standards in soil and groundwater. REPSG reviewed the findings of the earlier investigation and hypothesized that the presence of low levels of lead, zinc and arsenic in the subsurface, as well as low levels of lead in the groundwater may be indicative of the presence of “historic fill” located at the Site, and not as the result of direct releases to the subsurface of these compounds.

Utilizing the approved statistical methodologies of Act 2, REPSG conducted a “randomized sequential sampling” of the soil to characterize conditions in the subsurface and determine the true environmental risk at the site. The fill characterization data was evaluated to determine if the ‘true’ site median concentrations of lead, arsenic, and zinc were below the applicable SHS. This evaluation was made by applying the statistical test known as the 75%/10x rule. Specifically, the rule requires 75% of the samples collected for demonstration of attainment be below SHS and no single sample result exceeds the risk-based standard by more than ten times.

It was verified that at least 75% of samples tested were below SHS and no single sample exhibited a concentration more than twice the cleanup standard. Based on the application of the 75%/10x rule, the true site median concentration of lead, arsenic, and zinc was verified to be below the applicable SHS. Attainment of Statewide Health Standard for these analytes in the on-site fill material had been demonstrated.

Current Status

Following submission of a Final Report by REPSG to the PADEP in October 2004, the Site received approval from the PADEP in November 2004 for remediation at the site to the provisions of the Statewide Health Standard (SHS) under Act 2. The site has since been redeveloped with 16 new residential units.

The Twins at Frankford Creek, Philadelphia

The site is an assemblage of multiple tax parcels comprising two former city blocks adjoining the Frankford Creek in the Juniata neighborhood. Historic operations at the site were predominately commercial, including automobile repair sites, salvage yards and construction yards.
After reviewing reports of prior environmental investigations at the Site, REPSG prepared a workplan for additional investigation of the subsurface to provide sufficient site characterization information with the objective of demonstrating attainment of an appropriate standard for soil and groundwater as defined in Act 2. The objective of the workplan is to assure that conditions at the site are adequately protective to allow the intended redevelopment of the site as a residential housing development (“Twins at Frankford Creek”). The workplan identified historic fill as one environmental “area of concern” (AOC) as well as several other AOCs where there had been reports of storage tanks and stained soil.

In June 2006, REPSG mobilized to the site and installed over 50 soil borings throughout the 9-acre site and gathered samples from discrete layers of the subsurface down to the depth of the shallow water table. REPSG also installed a network of monitoring wells at the site to investigate groundwater conditions.

These activities have constituted “pre-construction” services allowing OKKS to make informed decisions regarding the design of the future residential development, as well as remedial alternatives. A report of the Site Characterization activities is being prepared by REPSG for submittal to the PADEP in Fall 2006.

Current Status

REPSG completed the first stage of a Site Investigation at the site in June 2006 as per a workplan developed by REPSG for OKKS and the RDA in March 2006.

Treatment of Lead Contaminated Soils Using EnviroBlend

Treatment of Lead Contaminated Soils at the Former Speakman Company Facility in Wilmington, DE
This project was successfully completed in 2007 and included the treatment of approximately 3,000 tons of soil contaminated with lead sand from the buildings foundry.

The untreated soil contained total lead concentrations in excess of 6,500 ppm. The stabilization material was added at 1 to 3 percent by weight of the treated soil. The treated soil gave an average TCLP value of less than 1 ppm. Treatment production at the project was running in the range of 250-350 tons per day, depending on the weather. The treated soil was transported off site and disposed of at a non-hazardous sub-title D landfill after treatment and new low to moderate income housing was built onsite. This work was conducted in close contact to the Delaware Department of Natural Resources & Environmental Control (DNREC) and DNREC approved the remediation and disposal option upon its completion. This proved to be a technically sound, environmentally acceptable, and cost-effective solution.

Historic Hotel Property in Philadelphia

This site is developed with a historic multi-story hotel structure and is located in an area of Philadelphia undergoing rapid revitalization. At the time of REPSG’s Phase I ESA the property was unoccupied. REPSG completed a Phase I Site Assessment that included comprehensive recommendations and cost estimates for environmental abatement and remediation during redevelopment. REPSG’s report included recommendations regarding the presence of asbestos, lead-based paint, polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-containing transformers, aboveground and underground storage tanks, previously documented existing soil contamination at an adjoining site, and other recognized environmental conditions. REPSG also completed a comprehensive sampling survey for the presence of asbestos containing materials, with approximately 300 samples of suspected asbestos-containing materials collected and submitted for analysis

Former Electrical Substation on North Broad Street

This site is developed with a former electrical substation; at the time of REPSG’s Phase I ESA the property was had been cleared of electrical equipment and was being used for storage and parking. REPSG completed a Phase I Site Assessment that disclosed recognized environmental conditions with significant potentials to affect proposed development at the site, including the previously undocumented prior use of a portion of the site as a gasoline station and the potential presence of polychlorinated biphenyl-impacted soils. REPSG’s report included recommendations for additional investigation, which were implemented by REPSG following the completion of the Phase I ESA.

Site Owned by the City of Philadelphia

This site was the former location of residences and a commercial warehouse property. REPSG completed a Phase I ESA at this site in 2005 for a prospective purchaser. The Phase I ESA was conducted in accordance with ASTM Standard Practice E 1527-05, and identified several recognized environmental conditions at the subject property, including the potential presence of historic fill materials at the site and the presence of multiple area sites on environmental databases.

Light Industrial Site in the City of Philadelphia

This site was developed as a light industrial facility (metal recycling and casting) at the time of REPSG’s Phase I ESA, which was completed site in 2005 for a prospective purchaser. The Phase I ESA was conducted in accordance with ASTM Standard Practice E 1527-05, and identified several recognized environmental conditions at the subject property, including the site’s history as a light industrial facility, the presence of asbestos-containing materials, the presence of an aboveground storage tank (AST) containing heating oil, the presence of a kiln and other industrial equipment at the site, and the presence of multiple area sites on environmental databases. REPSG recommended that a Phase II ESA, to include subsurface sampling and analysis, be conducted at the subject property, and also that a comprehensive survey for the presence of asbestos-containing materials be completed.

Multi-Parcel Residential Site in the City of Philadelphia

This site is a development project intended to redevelop and revitalize and area of South Philadelphia. REPSG completed a Phase I Site Assessment of over fifty individual parcels slated for redevelopment. The Phase I ESA incorporated the findings of prior assessments and subsurface investigations at some of these parcels. REPSG’s report included recommendations regarding the presence of asbestos, lead-based paint, lead in soil, aboveground and underground storage tanks, and other recognized environmental conditions at the subject sites. Following the completion of the Phase I ESA, REPSG provided Phase II ESA services, including sampling surveys for the issues identified at the sites

Former Modern Laundry: 41st and Market Streets, Philadelphia

The site is located in West Philadelphia, just north of the University City in a neighborhood that has seen a marked decrease of businesses since the 1970s. The site had been vacant for many years prior to redevelopment and because of its large size and prominent location on Market Street had become a blight on the neighborhood.

The former Modern Laundry redevelopment site had been the location of a commercial dry cleaning service since at least 1954. These operations included the use and storage of chlorinated organic compounds such as tetrachloroethylene (PCE, commonly known as ‘perc’) and trichloroethylene (TCE). Other historical operations at the site included on-site storage of gasoline, petroleum-based solvents and lubricating oils at private vehicle service stations; and the on-site storage of fuel oil for steam boilers. Regulatory records a indicated that a total of fourteen (14) USTs were installed at the subject property between 1923-1974. These USTs stored fuel oils, cleaning solvent and gasoline.

On June 21, 2002, the subject property owner (41st and Market Streets, L.L.C.) entered into a Consent Order & Agreement (CO&A) with the PADEP regarding remediation of the site in accordance with the Special Industrial Area (SIA) provisions of Pennsylvania Act 2. remediation of site soil and groundwater contaminated with lead, solvents and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

Working in close cooperation with the Southeast Regional Environmental Cleanup Program Case Manager for this site, Mr. Walter Payne, REPSG conducted investigation and remedial activities to satisfy the CO&A including a Phase I ESA (dated September 5, 2001); an SIA Baseline Remedial Investigation Report (BRIR) and Baseline Environmental Report (BER) (dated December 5, 2001); Cleanup Plan (dated March 11, 2002) and Remedial Action Completion Reports (dated September 18 and December 10, 2002). The site owner was notified on December 17, 2002 by the PADEP that the submission of the two Remedial Action Completion Reports constituted the Notice of Completion of Remediation as required by the CO&A.

REPSG also oversaw the successful application for a $300,000 USEPA Brownfield Cleanup Revolving Loan in April 2002. The loan application was organized through Philadelphia Department of Commerce and the Philadelphia Industrial Development Corporation (PIDC)

The following description of the Modern Laundry redevelopment project as overseen by REPSG has been excerpted from the article “Thriving Drug Store Replaces Empty Lot in West Philadelphia” published by the PADEP on its “Daily Update” web page on Friday, August 13, 2004:

Where once there were rocks, weeds, and trash, now there are lights, activity and commerce. A busy Eckerd Drugstore, built on a brownfield site in an up-and-coming Philadelphia business district, is yet another example of the positive impact that can be realized from the state’s Land Recycling Program. The site of the new drugstore had been a symbol of urban decline and blight.

A vibrant commercial laundry operation from 1954 until the early 1990s, the business fell into bankruptcy and the site into disrepair. The property declined so dramatically that the City of Philadelphia declared it a public nuisance and imminent hazard, demolishing the building in 1996.

For six years, the property remained vacant, unused and a target of open dumping. Situated along the highly visible east-west Market Street corridor in the growing University City area, it represented a prime development opportunity. Despite several attempts to attract redevelopment, no projects materialized, largely due to concerns about how past uses of the property might have contaminated the property.

Under the leadership of the Philadelphia Department of Commerce, the former Modern Laundry became a priority brownfields site on the City’s redevelopment agenda.

Developed through the state’s Land Recycling Program, the successful reuse of the property at 4055-89 Market Street has eliminated the stigma that persisted over the site, and perhaps more importantly, has created new jobs and increased the neighborhood’s vitality.

Current Status

After receiving approval in December 2002 from the PADEP for completion of a demonstration of attainment of the Special Industrial Area (SIA) cleanup standard under Act 2, the former Modern laundry site has been completely redeveloped as an Eckerd Drugstore.